Joan Leotta created “Birds” from “Buds and Bird Voices” in Mosses from an Old Manse by Nathaniel Hawthorne (1846). Please click here to read.

About the poem and the process of composing it, Joan Leotta writes:

This was my first attempt at found poetry, and I worked to enhance the original meaning of the work with my own perspective on the topic of the passage I chose—birds. Words not from the base work are in parentheses, and I hope that my selected words add a new beauty to the topic.